In India, to hold legislative elections along with parliamentary elections, The central government is planning to bring ''one country one election' system. The central government has also set up a committee headed by former President Ram Nath Kovind to study the possibilities of implementing this. The committee has started its deliberations.
Meanwhile, most of the opposition parties are strongly opposed to the ''one country one election' proposal. As far as Tamil Nadu is concerned, the parties including DMK, Viduthalai Chiruthaigal, Congress, Communist Parties are strongly opposing this project. But AIADMK has expressed support.
India is a huge country. There are some practical problems when holding simultaneous elections in such a large country. What will happen if elections are held for Parliament, Legislative Assembly and local councils at the same time?
If we include local body elections, 4 types of polling should be held. Apart from that, a total of 6 polls should be cast, including two votes for the Legislative Assembly and the Parliament.'
So 6 different voting machines have to be placed. It requires a lot of machinery. But our Election Commission currently has only 12 lakh voting machines. Almost 25 lakh voting machines are required to hold elections simultaneously. Difficulty for voters too. All these aspects should be studied.
In the country till 1967 elections to all state assemblies were held along with the Lok Sabha elections. After 1968, the dissolution of some state assemblies made single elections impossible in later times. The Election Commission of India in 1983 and the Law Commission in 1999 recommended that all state assembly elections be held along with parliamentary elections. But not implemented. Elections to the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies are held at different intervals. The central feature of 'One Nation One Election' is to change this and conduct simultaneous elections for Lok Sabha and State Assemblies. Rs 60,000 crore has been spent for the 2019 Lok Sabha elections alone. Another view is that holding elections to the Lok Sabha and the Assemblies simultaneously would reduce the cost of elections to a great extent. But before implementing the simultaneous election of all the state assemblies, a uniform constitutional amendment regarding the tenure of all the assemblies of the country should be brought first. If the government is dissolved and the President's rule is established in the next year after the election of an assembly, there is no possibility of government elected by the people for the remaining 4 years. This will affect the development of the state itself.
And if assembly elections are held along with Lok Sabha elections, only national issues will gain importance; There is also a risk that the problems faced by each district in the states will be pushed back. There is also a fear that when the state elections are held along with the Lok Sabha elections, the state parties will not be able to undertake the election expenses as much as the national parties.
Above all, when the Lok Sabha and Assembly elections are held at the same time, most of the parties fear that this path will lead the country to a presidential system.Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M. K. Stalin has also expressed this fear. He also warned that ``one country, one election'' would destroy the federal system.
This opinion cannot be underestimated!